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钻孔瞬变电磁法研究现状综述

孙怀凤 张莹莹 赵友超 刘玉超 赵华亮

孙怀凤,张莹莹,赵友超,等. 钻孔瞬变电磁法研究现状综述[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2022,50(7):85−97 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.22.03.0182
引用本文: 孙怀凤,张莹莹,赵友超,等. 钻孔瞬变电磁法研究现状综述[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2022,50(7):85−97 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.22.03.0182
SUN Huaifeng,ZHANG Yingying,ZHAO Youchao,et al. Present study situation review of borehole transient electromagnetic method[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2022,50(7):85−97 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.22.03.0182
Citation: SUN Huaifeng,ZHANG Yingying,ZHAO Youchao,et al. Present study situation review of borehole transient electromagnetic method[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2022,50(7):85−97 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.22.03.0182

钻孔瞬变电磁法研究现状综述

doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.22.03.0182
基金项目: 天池博士计划项目;国家自然科学基金项目(42074145)
详细信息
    第一作者:

    孙怀凤,1982年生,男,山东邹平人,博士,教授,博士生导师,从事电磁正反演相关的教学与科研工作.E-mail:sunhuaifeng@email.sdu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P631

Present study situation review of borehole transient electromagnetic method

  • 摘要: 与航空、地面瞬变电磁法不同,钻孔瞬变电磁法将接收探头置于钻孔之中,由于距离探测目标更近且远离地表,不仅可以观测到更强的响应信号,还可有效削弱孔外各类电磁信号的干扰,能够满足大埋深、精细化探测需求,尤其是深部盲矿和水害探测。通过回顾各类钻孔瞬变电磁法(回线源地−井、电性源地−井和隧(巷)道钻孔瞬变电磁法)的研究历史,总结各类方法在正演模拟、反演成像、仪器装备和应用案例等方面的研究现状。研究结果表明:回线源地−井瞬变电磁法研究基础丰厚,发展较为全面,已在生产中取得较多成功应用;而电性源地−井和隧(巷)道钻孔瞬变电磁法研究基础薄弱,由于理论方法、探测装备、反演技术等方面的限制,目前尚未得到广泛推广与应用,整体仍处在初步研究阶段,相关技术仍有待进一步提升。未来发展方向可以从以下几个方面入手,如带地形三维反演、快速地形校正方法、伪随机发射、多辐射源发射、套管干扰消除和多参数地球物理方法联合解释等,形成完善的钻孔瞬变电磁法理论和解译方法,为深部矿体探测、煤矿和隧道含水构造探测提供理论依据。

     

  • 图  钻孔瞬变电磁法工作原理

    Fig. 1  Working principle of borehole transiet electromagnetic method

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-26
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-28
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-25

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